Description of the lifecycle of banknotes starting with their issue and ending with their destruction.
Color alternates between two contrasting tones when the viewing angle is changed. Color-shifting printed effects can be generated using different technologies. Example: Denomination value on the back of the 50-euro banknote.
Security element featuring an optical surface divided into two sections. The ColourShift section changes color dramatically when tilted while the ColourFix section retains its original color. At a particular angle, the ColourShift and ColourFix sections are the same color, but then change color when viewed at a different angle.
A security thread in the banknote paper with an optical surface featuring ColourShift/ColourFix.
Holographic LEAD® stripes on banknotes with copper metallization.
Raw material used for making banknote paper. Cotton is a natural fiber that is extracted from the seed hairs of the cotton plant. The textiles industry primarily uses long cotton fibers to produce high-quality materials. The short fibers that the textiles industry disposes of are used for the production of banknote paper.
Security threads that alternately depict a text element (usually the name of the country) and the country’s flag. CountryCode threads are completely embedded in the security paper, e.g. for passports.
Cylinder mould watermark
Also known as a genuine or multitone watermark. This is characterized by a high imaging accuracy and is able to represent the mapping of motifs in tone value, e.g as preferred for mapping portraits in banknote paper.
See also Fourdrinier watermark.